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Types Of Wood

Types of Wood for Woodworking

Woodworking for beginners might seem difficult at first, but once you have the right materials, method, and design, you’re bound to create something unique and creative. That is why knowing different trees, and the wood they produce, is crucial before starting any project. You should also know what’s the benefits of working either with hardwood or softwood and whether it’s appropriate for the project at hand.

Solid wood is a piece of wood that will make up the biggest piece of either the project or furniture, you’re making. You want to focus on choosing a wood that determines the strength and finishing of your art piece.

The importance of sampling softwoods

Softwoods are not necessarily weaker than hardwoods. They are decedents from coniferous trees, like fir, pine, and cedar. They are either reddish or yellow and grow faster than most. They also grow straight and are less costly than hardwoods. Investing in a business that requires these trees for manufacturing purposes, or anything else does not contribute to deforestation as they are sustainably grown on tree farms.

Cedar wood

Cedar is one of the most commonly used redwood. This wood is quite soft and has a light aromatic smell. It is used for outdoor projects, such as furniture, building exteriors, and decks. It thrives in the outdoors, as it thrives in moist environments. It is also well-priced and is sold in most local home centers.

FIR wood

With a straight and pronounced grain, the FIR wood has a reddish-brown tint, which makes it a perfect option for those woodworking projects. It is mostly used for building, is inexpensive and can be utilized for furniture making. It is best used as a painting project, as the actual material stains easily and doesn’t have the most interesting pattern.

Pine wood

Available in several types, all of which include Sugar, White, Yellow, and Ponderosa. All of the best used for making furniture. It is preferred above any other wood and is easy to work with. It is easy to carve, is soft and handles a stain quite well.


Very similar to cedar, it is best used for outdoor projects as it has a great resistance to moisture. It is reddish, hence its name is soft and, is easy to work with.


While being perfect for creating furniture, the only negative is their price.

Ash hardwood

A white-to-pale brown wood that is easy to use. It stains nicely, has a straight grain and unfortunately, can only be found at larger lumberyards. It’s a good substitute for white oak.

Birch hardwood

Available in both yellow and white, with a reddish-brown heartwood, it resembles maple. Its hardness reaches a 4, scaled from 1 to 5. It is readily available and less costly than other hardwoods.

Cherry hardwood

A wonderful, easy to work with wood, that stains well with oil. It also has a reddish-brown tone to it. The sapwood is also quite light. It has a hardness of 2 on a scale of 1-5.

Mahogany hardwood

This is one of the best and most popular furniture woods, has a reddish-brown and deep-red tint, a straight grain and medium texture. It has a hardness of 2 on a 1-5 scale.

Maple hardwood

As an option of both hard and soft, Maple tops most woods with a hardness of 5. The softer version, however, is better and easier to work with.

Oak hardwood

Noticed as the most used woods when it comes to furniture, it is available in both red and white and is stronger than most woods.

With much more to choose from, you’ll find the right piece of wood for your next woodworking project.

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